Various forms with dissected leaves belong here (Jablonski & Plietzsch 2013); we discuss them collectively since many are not individually named, some names and clones are not clearly distinguished, and none are at all common. Lime wood is pale and soft and cuts cleanly; it has been used by wood-carvers since the Middle Ages. European Lime. A stone at the latter’s base claims that it was planted in 760 CE (monumentaltrees.com 2018). France, Tilia platyphyllos è diffuso nell'Europa continentale e nel Caucaso In Italia esistono, allo stato spontaneo, solo due specie di tigli, ossia questa specie e Tilia cordata . Tilia platyphyllos subsp. cordifolia (Besser) C.K. Trees from the Mediterranean edge are least hairy. The distribution range of the tree is more limiting than the very similar small-leaved lime. Davis, P.H. Red-twigged forms occur widely in wild populations. (ed.) Vigorous, narrow-crowned in youth. & Sutton, J. Accessed 2021-01-04. Tilia platyphyllos Scop. Yellow twigs from above the graft, on the squirrel's side of the tree, contrast with red ones from below it, on the champion Golden-twigged Lime in Alexandra Park, Hastings, East Sussex. The trunk is heavy and irregular, light grey and later grooved. Flowers: Flowers are fragrant, borne in groups of 2-6, and bisexual, with five free sepals and five free, yellowish petals. Image Owen Johnson. Herbal substance(s) (binomial scientific name of the plant, including plant part) vulgaris. Skin conditioning agent - miscellaneous: Tilia Cordata Flower, Tilia Cordata Flower Extract, Tilia Cordata Flower Water, Tilia Europaea Flower Extract, Tilia Platyphyllos Flower Scientific Facts: Tilia is a genus of about 30 species of trees, native throughout most of the temperate Northern Hemisphere, in Asia, Europe and eastern North America. Tilia platyphyllos Scop. Broad-leaved Lime varies considerably across its range, especially in hairiness. A full-sized variety with a broadly ovoid crown, retaining its leaves unusually late into autumn; a degree of aphid resistance is claimed. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Tutin, T.G. ‘Donovan’s Filigree’ (Royal Horticultural Society 2018) is presumed to be the same plant, and it is also circulating simply as ‘Filigree’ (J. Grimshaw, pers. It seems to have been associated with monasteries and convents in central Europe, and attracts legends linking the leaf with the monks’ cowls (Ješetová 2020). Twigs 2–4 mm thick, often hairy and often reddish in sun. Tilia grandifolia Ehrh. It is also frequently planted in parks and gardens. cordifolia (Besser) C.K.Schneid. Common NamesGolden-twigged LimeGoldtwig Linden. This one is in a field in Hertfordshire. from northern, western and northeastern Europe; subsp. Another variant has very broad, fasciated, yellow major veins to its twisted and shredded leaves; a tree planted in the mid-20th century by the late Maurice Mason at Talbot Manor in Norfolk was 12 m, dbh 37 cm in 2008, and there was a much younger 8 m example at Common Farm, Semer, Suffolk, in 2016 (Tree Register 2018). (eds.) TILIA PLATYPHYLLOS ZELZATE ® | INNOCENTI & MANGONI PIANTE. It … August 2020. The most widespread of these are discussed below, but others might be encountered, including ‘Agnes’ (Hungary, by 2012), ‘Fenris’ (Denmark, post-1990), ‘K3’ (Hungary, around 1990), ‘Kamminga’ (Netherlands, by 2012), ‘Kavaleren’ (Netherlands, pre-2005), ‘Louisa Point’ (Netherlands, 1990), ‘Louisa Victory Fist’ (Netherlands, 1990), ‘Maraczi’ (Hungary, before 2012), ‘Paul Kruger’ (Netherlands, 1959), ‘Sargavesszejû’ (Poland, by 2012), ‘Zetten’ (Netherlands, 1992). Kubát et al. Tilia platyphyllos Name Synonyms Tilia grandifolia (Ehrh. The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. The tree in the Sir Harold Hillier Gardens, Hampshire, 16 m, dbh 72 cm in 2017 (Tree Register 2018), hardly deserved the epithet ‘weeping’. Probably introduced early to North American cultivation, Jacobson (1996) notes that it has long been common, although usually sold as T. × europaea; he records a 29 m tall (1987) specimen in Washington State. A nagylevelű hárs (Tilia platyphyllos) bemutatása, gondozása A nagylevelű hárs (Tilia platyphyllos) kb. Narrow-crowned, with leaves staying green late into autumn. Wetland Status. Origine: Europa, Caucaso, Asia Minore. A clone with shoots yellow in sun (green in shade) rather than red (grey in shade). Austria, A large tree, to 40 m, dbh 4 m, of domed habit; trunk very seldom with epicormic sprouts. A site produced by the International Dendrology Society. The young twigs are hairy. For information about how you could sponsor this page, see How You Can Help. The wood is strong but prone to decay when damp, so has limited use as a building material. A ‘vine-leaved’ lime with weakly three- or five-lobed leaves, resembling those of Tilia mongolica but considerably larger. Tilia E. Eaton, G. Caudullo, D. de Rigo Tilia cordata Mill., known as small-leaved lime, and Tilia platyphyllos Scop., known as large-leaved lime, are very similar trees, both native to Europe and preferring warmer climates. Unlike T. cordata, T. platyphyllos is quite able to set fertile seed in short cool summers. See Kew's Seed Information Database for further information on Tilia platyphyllos seeds. Tilia platyphyllos belongs to the Flowering Plants group. – largeleaf linden Subordinate Taxa. A specimen planted at the Arnold Arboretum, Massachusetts in 1965 was 35.5 cm dbh by 2019 (Arnold Arboretum 2020). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (2012). A few old examples are immense. comm. Each ovary has five compartments, each of which contains two ovules. Final . Lime flower tea is also used widely to ease coughs. Retrieved from "https://species.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tilia_platyphyllos_subsp._platyphyllos&oldid=7094615" The large-leaved lime, though, reaches slightly further south and is rarely found in Northern Europe. More Accounts and Images; ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (TIPL) Integrated Taxonomic Information System (TIPL) Wildlife. Kew Species Profiles As a vigorous, tough, clean-limbed tree with scented flowers opening quite early in the season, Broad-leaved Lime has long been planted as an ornamental across the British Isles. Tilia platyphyllos … Found as a witch’s broom in an old tree at the Belvedere, Prague Castle (Jablonski & Plietzsch 2013). Specimens of the wood and bark of large-leaved lime are held in Kew's Economic Botany Collection in the Sir Joseph Banks Building, where they are available to researchers by appointment. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. In decreasing order of hairiness, they are: subsp. Selected by M. Barabits, Hungary, and first sold by the Bömer nursery, the Netherlands, around 1985 (Jablonski & Plietzsch 2013; Bruns Pflanzen-Export 2020). Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/, Kew Species Profiles German examples include the Heeder Linde at Heede, 4.9 m dbh in 2016, and the Tanzlinde Schenklengsfeld, whose fragmented trunk is about 5.5 m across. Distribution  Albania Austria Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Czechia Denmark France Germany Greece Hungary Italy Luxembourg North Macedonia Moldova Montenegro Netherlands Poland mountains in the south Romania Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Spain mountains in the north and east Sweden SE coast, one site Switzerland Turkey Ukraine mountains in the south-west United Kingdom England and Wales (rare). Transcaucasus, Ireland, Herbarium Catalogue Specimens Related Links. Other examples include one planted in 1888 as ‘Aurantia’ in the Glasnevin National Botanic Garden, Dublin, 25 m, dbh 102 cm in 2018, and another at Ryston Hall in Norfolk, purchased from Späth in 1911 and 16 m, dbh 94 cm in 2008 (Tree Register 2018). Tilia platyphyllos is a deciduous Tree growing to 30 m (98ft) by 20 m (65ft) at a medium rate. Similar Images . A young tree grows in the Sir Harold Hillier Gardens, Hampshire (Tree Register 2018). pseudorubra C.K. Strong-growing, rather narrow-crowned in youth, with reddish branchlets. Its range extends further south than that of T. cordata, but less far north and east. The common nameslargeleaf linden and large-leaved linden are in standard use throughout the English-speaking world except in the British Isles, where it is known as large-leaved lime. Caratteristiche botaniche: La Tilia platyphyllos è un grande albero a foglia caduca, può raggiungere i 40 metri di altezza, con chioma da largamente colonnare a arrotondata espansa.Corteccia grigio scura con strette fenditure. A variant in Irish Gardens was described by Alan Mitchell (Mitchell 1974) as both cut-leaved and variegated; one was recorded by Mitchell at the Westonbirt National Arboretum as 15 m, dbh 32 cm in 1967 (Tree Register 2018). The German cultivar name translates as ‘Town Hall’. An example in the Dell at Tortworth Court, Gloucestershire was 22 m, dbh 60 cm in 2015 (The Tree Register 2018). Corse, Floral bracts 6–11 × 1.1–2.2 cm, sometimes downy. Each flower has a single, hairless style (female part). Greece, Tilia platyphyllos is native to central and southern Europe (including Great Britain, where it is possibly only native in woods on calcareous soils). Germany, říše Plantae - rostliny » oddělení Magnoliophyta - rostliny krytosemenné » třída Rosopsida - vyšší dvouděložné rostliny » řád Malvales - slézotvaré » čeleď Malvaceae - slézovité » rod Tilia … A form with blue-green twigs and leaves bluish underneath, represented by an old tree in the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (19699330*A; 21 m, dbh 73 cm in 2014 – Tree Register 2018) It has had at least a small distribution, having once been listed by Kris Michielsen in Belgium (Jablonski & Plietzsch 2013). Despite the common name, lime trees (of the genus Tilia) are not related to the citrus fruit we know as a lime. Large-leaved lime is cultivated as an ornamental in parks and gardens, although not as commonly as Tilia × europaea (common lime). Many cultivars have been named, almost all in Europe: Jablonski & Plietzsch (2013, 2014) provide a thorough checklist. Schneider (1912) attempted to categorise this variation by describing five subspecies. (2020), 'Tilia platyphyllos' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline.org/articles/tilia/tilia-platyphyllos/). Schneid. Bean (1981) felt that there might be more than one clone in circulation under this name. Tilia Platyphyllos is commonly known as Lime Flowers. Scopoli’s specific epithet of 1771, from the Greek platys (broad) and phyllon (a leaf), reflects the usually larger leaves of T. platyphyllos, which are downy at least in familiar western European forms. It is a deciduous tree, native to much of Europe, including locally in southwestern Great Britain, growing on lime-rich soils. Tilia platyphyllos (large-leaved lime or large-leaved linden) is a species of flowering plant in the family Malvaceae (Tiliaceae). It reduces Nasal Congestion, Throat Irritation and Cough. Data retrieved on: 26 May 2019 Danihelka J., Chrtek J. Jr. & Kaplan Z. Introduced by the Ton van den Oever nursery, Netherlands in 2002 and still commercially available in Europe (Jablonski & Plietzsch 2013; Guillot-Bourne 2020). Schneid. The clone is still in the nursery trade. Many cultivated forms and cultivars have arisen from Tilia platyphyllos but few are available commercially. The dissected foliage of the Cut-leaved Lime gives the summer crown a special delicacy. platyphyllos Scop., Tilia x vulgaris Heyne or their mixtures, flos . Leaves:  Leaves are usually 6-12 cm long and hairy on the underside, especially on the veins, and have a sharply toothed margin and heart-shaped base. Habitat Woodland, mostly on calcareous soils, to 1500 m. Tilia platyphyllos is a widespread and familiar species in Europe. Foliage on a recently planted Tilia platyphyllos Laciniata Group, growing in the Trädgårdsföreningen (Horticultural Society Gardens) in Gothenburg, Sweden.

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