[49] The city was a major cultural centre during the Baroque era, being home to artists such as Caravaggio, Salvator Rosa and Bernini, philosophers such as Bernardino Telesio, Giordano Bruno, Tommaso Campanella and Giambattista Vico, and writers such as Giambattista Marino. Tracce Modifica A questa voce o sezione va aggiunto il template {{ Tracce }} The song "Santa Lucia" played by Tom Cat in Cat and Dupli-cat traced origin from Naples. Chist'articulo è sulo na bozza ().Si ce puó ddà na mano, p’’o fà addeventà nu poco meglio, spriemme ccà.Pe' ssapé comm’’e 'a fà, guarda ncopp’’e ccunvenziune 'e Wikipedia.. Pe' ssapé quale so' tutte quant’’e stub, vaje a vedé 'a categoria stub. [55], After the Expedition of the Thousand led by Giuseppe Garibaldi, which culminated in the controversial Siege of Gaeta, Naples became part of the Kingdom of Italy in 1861 as part of the Italian unification, ending the era of Bourbon rule. In Roman times the islet became part of Lucullus's villa and later it was the site to which the last western Roman emperor, Romulus Augustulus, was exiled. [37] Wars between the competing dynasties continued until the Peace of Caltabellotta in 1302, which saw Frederick III recognised as king of Sicily, while Charles II was recognised as king of Naples by Pope Boniface VIII. Naples has had significant influence on Italian cinema. The latter originally had only a memorial to religious martyrs, but in 1866, after the Italian unification, four lions were added, representing the four rebellions against the Bourbons. [129] The port serves over 6 million local passengers annually,[130] plus a further 1 million international cruise ship passengers. Naples has itself produced numerous prominent professional footballers, including Ciro Ferrara and Fabio Cannavaro. Naples' streets are famously narrow (it was the first city in the world to set up a pedestrian one-way street),[126] so the general public commonly use compact hatchback cars and scooters for personal transit. [168] The genre became a formal institution in 1835, after the introduction of the annual Festival of Piedigrotta songwriting competition. [9], It served as the capital of the Duchy of Naples (661–1139), then of the Kingdom of Naples (1282–1816), and finally of the Two Sicilies until the unification of Italy in 1861. 27. Brought to the city by the British during the early 20th century,[176] the sport is deeply embedded in local culture: it is popular at every level of society, from the scugnizzi (street children) to wealthy professionals. The most notable transformations made were the construction of Via Caracciolo in place of the beach along the promenade, the creation of Galleria Umberto I and Galleria Principe and the construction of Corso Umberto. Wineries in the Vesuvius area produce wines such as the Lacryma Christi ("tears of Christ") and Terzigno. 26. In 1743, Charles of Bourbon founded the Royal Factory of Capodimonte, many of whose artworks are now on display in the Museum of Capodimonte. [120], In recent times, there has been a move away from a traditional agriculture-based economy in the province of Naples to one based on service industries. Naples has an extensive public transport network, including trams, buses and trolleybuses,[135] most of which are operated by the municipally owned company Azienda Napoletana Mobilità (ANM). [171][172][173], A list of some well-known films that take place (fully or partially) in Naples includes:[174], Naples is home of one of the first Italian colour films, Toto in Color (1952), starring Totò (Antonio de Curtis), a famous comedic actor born in Naples.[175]. A key factor in the development of the Neapolitan school of painting was Caravaggio's arrival in Naples in 1606. [99][105], Naples is noted for its numerous higher education institutes and research centres. [46] In 1656, an outbreak of bubonic plague killed about half of Naples' 300,000 inhabitants. [168] Some of the best-known recording artists in this field include Roberto Murolo, Sergio Bruni and Renato Carosone. 10. There are also a number of ancient Greco-Roman reservoirs dug out from the soft tufo stone on which, and from which, much of the city is built. Montecalvario According to different sources, Naples' metropolitan area is either the second-most-populated metropolitan area in Italy after Milan (with 4,434,136 inhabitants according to Svimez Data)[101] or the third (with 3.1 million inhabitants according to the OECD). Popular Neapolitan pastry dishes include zeppole (more commonly called "'a Pasta Cresciuta" and "'e fFritt' 'e Viento") babà, sfogliatelle and pastiera, the latter of which is prepared specially for Easter celebrations. [54] With the help of the Austrian Empire and its allies, the Bonapartists were defeated in the Neapolitan War, and Ferdinand IV once again regained the throne and the kingdom. The city's best known football club is SSC Napoli, which plays its home games at the Stadio San Paolo in Fuorigrotta. Its construction was begun by the Bonapartist king Joachim Murat and finished by the Bourbon king Ferdinand IV. The city's best known football club is SSC Napoli, which plays its home games at the Stadio San Paolo in Fuorigrotta. 6. Later Neapolitan was replaced by Spanish during Spanish domination, and then by Italian. For administrative purposes, these thirty neighborhoods are grouped together into ten governmental community boards. Piscinola-Marianella [18] Naples' skyline in Centro Direzionale was the first skyline of Italy, built in 1994, and for 15 years it was the only one until 2009. [73] Naples has a total of 448 historical churches (1000 in total[74]), making it one of the most Catholic cities in the world in terms of the number of places of worship. [29], After the exarchate fell, a Duchy of Naples was created. Because of the significance of the city, many films and television shows are set (entirely or partially) in Naples. [73] Naples has a total of 448 historical churches (1000 in total[74]), making it one of the most Catholic cities in the world in terms of the number of places of worship. Each of the 8,101 comune in Italy is today represented locally by a city council headed by an elected mayor, known as a sindaco and informally called the first citizen (primo cittadino). Naples has long been a centre of art and architecture, dotted with Medieval, Baroque and Renaissance-era churches, castles and palaces. Napoli, two-time Italian champions who play at the San Paolo Stadium in the southwest of the city, in the Fuorigrotta quarter. [158] Another form of opera originating in Naples is opera buffa, a style of comic opera strongly linked to Battista Pergolesi and Piccinni; later contributors to the genre included Rossini and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. 29. [46] In 1656, an outbreak of bubonic plague killed about half of Naples' 300,000 inhabitants. San Giuseppe Secondigliano Stella Ponticelli. Naples' 2,800-year history has left it with a wealth of historical buildings and monuments, from medieval castles to classical ruins, and a wide range of culturally and historically significant sites nearby, including the Palace of Caserta and the Roman ruins of Pompeii and Herculaneum. [81] It also houses many of the antiques unearthed at Pompeii and Herculaneum, as well as some artefacts from the Greek and Renaissance periods.[81]. "testo" (neap. Porto The continental influence still ensures summer highs averaging near 30 °C (86 °F), and Naples falls within the subtropical climate range with summer daily means above 22 °C (72 °F) with hot days, warm nights and occasional summer thunderstorms. "The Italian Cities and the Arabs before 1095" in. [78], Another Neapolitan castle is Castel Sant'Elmo, which was completed in 1329 and is built in the shape of a star. [49] The city was a major cultural centre during the Baroque era, being home to artists such as Caravaggio, Salvator Rosa and Bernini, philosophers such as Bernardino Telesio, Giordano Bruno, Tommaso Campanella and Giambattista Vico, and writers such as Giambattista Marino. [18] Naples' skyline in Centro Direzionale was the first skyline of Italy, built in 1994, and for 15 years it was the only one until 2009. Maritime features moderate the winters but cause occasionally heavy rainfall, particularly in the Autumn and Winter months while summers are quite similar to inland areas much further north in the country with high temperatures and humidity. 24. The city is situated on the Gulf of Naples, on the western coast of southern Italy; it rises from sea level to an elevation of 450 metres (1,480 ft). Tracce CD 1. Naples is also known for its theatres, which are among the oldest in Europe – the Teatro di San Carlo opera house dates back to the 18th century. [53] A counter-revolutionary religious army of lazzaroni known as the sanfedisti under Cardinal Fabrizio Ruffo was raised; they met with great success, and the French were forced to surrender the Neapolitan castles, with their fleet sailing back to Toulon. 17. [169] There are furthermore various forms of music popular in Naples but not well known outside it, such as cantautore ("singer-songwriter") and sceneggiata, which has been described as a musical soap opera; the most well-known exponent of this style is Mario Merola.[170]. Following the decline of the Western Roman Empire, Naples was captured by the Ostrogoths, a Germanic people, and incorporated into the Ostrogothic Kingdom. Secondigliano Chiaia [29], The years between 818 and 832 were tumultuous in regard to Naples' relations with the Byzantine Emperor, with numerous local pretenders feuding for possession of the ducal throne. San Giovanni a Teduccio [6] In the ninth century BC, a colony known as Parthenope or Παρθενόπη was established on the Island of Megaride. Other popular local sports include water polo, horse racing, sailing, fencing, boxing and martial arts. [17] Neapolitan cuisine is noted for its association with pizza, which originated in the city, as well as numerous other local dishes. The most notable transformations made were the construction of Via Caracciolo in place of the beach along the promenade, the creation of Galleria Umberto I and Galleria Principe and the construction of Corso Umberto. [78], Another Neapolitan castle is Castel Sant'Elmo, which was completed in 1329 and is built in the shape of a star. [53], Ferdinand IV was restored as king; however, after only seven years Napoleon conquered the kingdom and installed Bonapartist kings, including his brother Joseph Bonaparte (the Spanish king). The garden's 15 hectares feature around 25,000 samples of vegetation, representing over 10,000 plant species. 'A provinge de Napule jè vagnate a sud da 'u Mar Tirreno e confine a nord cu 'a provinge de Caserta e cu quedde de Benevende e a est cu quedde de Avellino e cu quedde de Salerno. The history of how this song was born was dramatised in the eponymous comedy movie "Ninì Tirabusciò: la donna che inventò la mossa" starring Monica Vitti. 10. [83] During the miracle, which thousands of Neapolitans flock to witness, the dried blood of Januarius is said to turn to liquid when brought close to holy relics said to be of his body. During the Benito Mussolini era, the first structures of the city's "service center" were built, all in a Rationalist-Functionalist style, including the Palazzo delle Poste and the Pretura buildings. [142] Other dishes popular in Naples include Parmigiana di melanzane, spaghetti alle vongole and casatiello. In the 18th century, Naples went through a period of neoclassicism, following the discovery of the remarkably intact Roman ruins of Herculaneum and Pompeii. [106] It is host to the Botanical Garden of Naples, which was opened in 1807 by Joseph Bonaparte, using plans drawn up under the Bourbon king Ferdinand IV. Football is by far the most popular sport in Naples. This was for the destitute and ill of the city; it also provided a self-sufficient community where the poor would live and work. The city's main railway station is Napoli Centrale, which is located in Piazza Garibaldi; other significant stations include the Napoli Campi Flegrei[125] and Napoli Mergellina. Other prominent universities in Naples include the Parthenope University of Naples, the private Istituto Universitario Suor Orsola Benincasa, and the Jesuit Theological Seminary of Southern Italy. Another important park is the Parco Virgiliano, which looks towards the tiny volcanic islet of Nisida; beyond Nisida lie Procida and Ischia. The team plays in the Serie A league and has won the Scudetto twice, the Coppa Italia six times and the Supercoppa Italiana twice. Naples gained complete independence by the early ninth century. The islands of Procida, Capri and Ischia can all be reached from Naples by hydrofoils and ferries. Since World War II, the political landscape of Naples has been neither strongly right-wing nor left-wing – both Christian democrats and democratic socialists have governed the city at different times, with roughly equal frequency. [15] The Port of Naples is one of the most important in Europe. The economy of the area formerly known as the Two Sicilies declined, leading to an unprecedented wave of emigration,[56] with an estimated 4 million people emigrating from the Naples area between 1876 and 1913. harvnb error: no target: CITEREFMagnussonGoring1990 (, Hilmar C. Krueger. In the 18th century Naples, together with Milan, became one of the most important sites from which the Enlightenment penetrated into Italy. [144] Another seasonal sweet is struffoli, a sweet-tasting honey dough decorated and eaten around Christmas. [110][111] The San Pietro a Maiella music conservatory is the city's foremost institution of musical education; the earliest Neapolitan music conservatories were founded in the 16th century under the Spanish. Naples is also the home of the artistic tradition of Capodimonte porcelain. For their performances, Carlo Buccirosso and Paolo Sassanelli won the Nastro d'Argento for best supporting actors. [103], In contrast to many northern Italian cities, there are relatively few foreign immigrants in Naples; 94.3% of the city's inhabitants are Italian nationals. 25. The small rivers which formerly crossed the centre of the city have since been covered over by construction. [89], 1. In the first years of the 20th century, a local version of the Art Nouveau phenomenon, known as "Liberty Napoletano", developed in the city, creating many buildings which still stand today. [79], The Carmine Castle, built in 1392 and highly modified in the 16th century by the Spanish, was demolished in 1906 to make room for the Via Marina, although two of the castle's towers remain as a monument. [123] The A16 is nicknamed the autostrada dei Due Mari ("Motorway of the Two Seas") because it connects the Tyrrhenian Sea to the Adriatic Sea.[124]. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}40°50′42″N 14°15′30″E / 40.84500°N 14.25833°E / 40.84500; 14.25833.